Country Profile: Brazil

  Geography

  1. Location: Eastern South America
  2. Bordering Nations: Bolivia, Peru, Venezuela, Colombia, Paraguay, Guyana, Argentina, Uruguay, French Guiana, Suriname
  3. Climate and Terrain: Mostly tropical. Mostly flat to rolling lowlands.
  4. Natural Resources: Bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber

Society

  1. Nationality and Major Ethnic Group: Brazilan. White
  2. Official Languages and Major Religions: Portuguese, Roman Catholic
  3. Population: 202.7 million
  4. Life Expectancy: 73.28 years
  5. Literacy Rate: 90.4%

Government

  1. Official Country Name: Federative Republic of Brazil
  2. Government Type: Federal Republic
  3. Capital: Brasilia
  4. Independence: September 7th, 1822, from Portugal
  5. President (2014): Dilma Rousseff
  6. National Anthem: Brazilian National Anthem

Economy

  1. GDP: $2.19 trillion
  2. GDP per capita: $12,100
  3. Agriculture and Industry: coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus; beef. Textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment
  4. Labor Force: 107.3 million
  5. Population Below the Poverty Line: 21.4 %
  6. Inflation Rate: 6.2%
  7. Exports: $244.8 billion. Commodities: Transport equipment, iron ore, soybeans, footwear, coffee, autos. Partners: China 17%, US 11.1%, Argentina 7.4%, Netherlands 6.2% 
  8. Imports: $241.4 billion. Commodities: Machinery, electrical and transport equipment, chemical products, oil, automotive parts, electronics. Partners: China 15.3%, US 14.6%, Argentina 7.4%, Germany 6.4%, South Korea 4.1%
  9. Debt: $475.9 billion

Communication and Transportation

  1. Number of Cellphones: 248.324 million
  2. Number of Internet Users: 75.982 million
  3. Number of Airports: 4,093 (Paved: 698)
  4. Roadways: 21,580,964 km

Military

  1. Army: Brazilian Army, Brazilian Navy, includes Naval Air and Marine Corps, Brazilian Air Force
  2. Expenditure: 1.47%

Major Transnational Issues

  1. Illicit drugs

Other Facts

  1. Brazil suffers from widespread corruption.

This page was last updated on: May 31st, 2014 Source: “Brazil” Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 31st May 2014.

Country Profile: Botswana

 

Geography

  1. Location: Southern Africa
  2. Bordering Nations: South Africa, Manibia, Zimbabwe, Zambia
  3. Climate and Terrain: Semiarid. Flat to gently rolling tableland
  4. Natural Resources: Diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver

Society

  1. Nationality and Major Ethnic Group: Motswana. Tswana.
  2. Official Languages and Major Religions: Setswana. Christian
  3. Population: 2 million
  4. Life Expectancy: 54.06 years
  5. Literacy Rate: 85.1%

Government

  1. Official Country Name: Republic of Botswana
  2. Government Type: Parliamentary Republic
  3. Capital: Gaborone
  4. Independence: September 30th, 1966
  5. President (2014): Seretse Khama lan Khama
  6. National Anthem: Motswana National Anthem

Economy

  1. GDP: $15.53 billion
  2. GDP per capita: $16,400
  3. Agriculture and Industry: livestock, sorghum, maize, millet, beans, sunflowers, groundnuts. Diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver; livestock processing; textiles.
  4. Labor Force: 1.3 million
  5. Population Below the Poverty Line: 30.3%
  6. Inflation Rate: 6.1%
  7. Exports: $7.569 billion. Commodities: Diamonds, copper, nickel, soda ash, meat, textiles.
  8. Imports: $7.389 billion. Commodities: Foods, machinery, electrical goods, transport equipment, textiles, fuel and petroleum products
  9. Debt: $2.416 billion

Communication and Transportation

  1. Number of Cellphones: 3.082 million
  2. Number of Internet Users: 120,000
  3. Number of Airports: 74 (Paved: 10)
  4. Roadways: 17,916  km

Military

  1. Army: Botswana Defense Force: Ground Forces Command, Air Wing Command, Defense Logistics Command, Special Forces Group
  2. Expenditure: 2.31%

Major Transnational Issues

  1. One quarter of the population aged 15 and over have HIV in Botswana

Other Facts

  1. Botswana has a 17.8% unemployment rate

This page was last updated on: May 31st, 2014

Source: “Botswana” Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 31st May 2014.

Country Profile: Bosnia and Herzegovina

 

 

Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg

 

Geography

  1. Location: Southeastern Europe
  2. Bordering Nations: Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro
  3. Climate and Terrain: Hot summers and cold winters. Mountains and valleys
  4. Natural Resources: Coal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, cobalt, manganese, nickel, clay, gypsum, salt, sand, timber, hydropower

Society

  1. Nationality and Major Ethnic Group: Bosnian, Herzegovinian. Bosniak.
  2. Official Languages and Major Religions: Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian. Muslim
  3. Population: 3.9 million
  4. Life Expectancy: 76.33 years
  5. Literacy Rate: 98%

Government

  1. Official Country Name: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  2. Government Type: Federal Democratic Republic
  3. Capital: Sarajevo
  4. Independence: March 1, 1992, from Yugoslavia
  5. President (2014): Bakir Izetbegovic
  6. National Anthem: Bosnian National Anthem

Economy

  1. GDP: $18.87 billion
  2. GDP per capita: $8,300
  3. Agriculture and Industry: Wheat, corn, fruits, vegetables; livestock. steel, coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, manganese, bauxite, aluminum, vehicle assembly, textiles, tobacco products.
  4. Labor Force: 1.49 million
  5. Population Below the Poverty Line: 18.6%
  6. Inflation Rate: 0.2%
  7. Exports: $5.687 billion. Commodities: Natural gas, soybeans and soy products, crude petroleum, zinc ore, tin. Partners: Germany 15.6%, Croatia 14.2%, Italy 12.1%, Serbia 9.1%, Austria 8.2%, Slovenia 8.1%
  8. Imports: $10.3 billion. Commodities: machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, food. Partners: Germany 11.4%, Russian Federation 9.9%, Serbia 9.8%, Italy 9.7%, China 6%, Slovenia 5%, Croatia 12.8%
  9. Debt: $11.14 billion

Communication and Transportation

  1. Number of Cellphones: 3.35 million
  2. Number of Internet Users: 1.422 million
  3. Number of Airports: 24 (Paved: 7)
  4. Roadways: 22,926 km

Military

  1. Army: Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Army of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Air and Air Defense Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina 
  2. Expenditure: 1.35%

Major Transnational Issues

  1. Illicit drugs

Other Facts

  1. “Serbia delimited about half of the boundary with Bosnia and Herzegovina, but sections along the Drina River remain in dispute”

This page was last updated on: May 31st, 2014

Source: “Bosnia and Herzegovina” Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 31st May 2014.

Country Profile: Bolivia

Geography

  1. Location: Central South America
  2. Bordering Nations: Brazil, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Paraguay
  3. Climate and Terrain: Humid and tropical to cold and semiarid. Rugged Andes Mountains.
  4. Natural Resources: Tin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber, hydropower

Society

  1. Nationality and Major Ethnic Group: Bolivian. Quechua
  2. Official Languages and Major Religions: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara, Guarani. Roman Catholic
  3. Population: 10.6 million
  4. Life Expectancy: 68.55 years
  5. Literacy Rate: 91.2%

Government

  1. Official Country Name: Plurinational State of Bolivia
  2. Government Type: Republic
  3. Capital: La Paz
  4. Independence: August 6th, 1825, Spain
  5. President (2014): Juan Evo Morales
  6. National Anthem: Bolivian National Anthem

Economy

  1. GDP: $29.81 billion
  2. GDP per capita: $5,500
  3. Agriculture and Industry: quinoa, soybeans, coffee, coca, cotton, corn, sugarcane, rice, potatoes, Brazil nuts, timber. Mining, smelting, petroleum, food and beverages, tobacco, handicrafts, clothing, jewelry.
  4. Labor Force: 4.922 million
  5. Population Below the Poverty Line: 49.6%
  6. Inflation Rate: 5.9%
  7. Exports: $12.56 billion. Commodities: Natural gas, soybeans and soy products, crude petroleum, zinc ore, tin. Partners: Brazil 41.8%, US 18.4%, Argentina 7.3%, Peru 4.9%
  8. Imports: $8.224 billion. Commodities: Petroleum products, plastics, paper, aircraft and aircraft parts, prepared foods, automobiles, insecticides. Partners: Chile 21.3%, Brazil 20.3%, Argentina 10.9%, US 10.1%, Peru 6.5%, Venezuela 6.2%, China 4.9%
  9. Debt: $7.429 billion

Communication and Transportation

  1. Number of Cellphones: 9.494 million
  2. Number of Internet Users: 1.103 million
  3. Number of Airports: 855 (Paved: 21)
  4. Roadways: 80,488 km

Military

  1. Army: Benin Armed Forces: Bolivian Armed Forces: Bolivian Army, Bolivian Naval Force, Bolivian Air Force
  2. Expenditure: 1.47%

Major Transnational Issues

  1. Illicit drugs

Other Facts

  1. Bolivia’s HDI is 0.675.

This page was last updated on: May 29th, 2014

Source: “Bolivia” Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 27 May 2014.

Country Profile: Bhutan

Geography

  1. Location: Southern Asia
  2. Bordering Nations: India, China
  3. Climate and Terrain: Tropical in south, cool winters and hot summers in valleys. Mostly mountainous.
  4. Natural Resources: Timber, hydropower, gypsum, calcium carbonate

Society

  1. Nationality and Major Ethnic Group: Bhutanese. Ngalop
  2. Official Languages and Major Religions: Dzongkha. Buddhist
  3. Population: 733,643
  4. Life Expectancy: 68.98 years
  5. Literacy Rate: 52.8%

Government

  1. Official Country Name: Kingdom of Bhutan
  2. Government Type: Constitutional monarchy
  3. Capital: Thimphu
  4. Independence: 1907, became a unified kingdom
  5. President (2014): King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
  6. National Anthem: Bhutanese National Anthem

Economy

  1. GDP: $2.133 billion
  2. GDP per capita: $7,000
  3. Agriculture and Industry: Rice, corn, root crops, citrus; dairy products, eggs. Cement, wood products, processed fruits, alcoholic beverages, calcium carbide, tourism.
  4. Labor Force: 336,400
  5. Population Below the Poverty Line: 12%
  6. Inflation Rate: 11%
  7. Exports: $721.8 million. Commodities: Electricity (to India), ferrosilicon, cement, calcium carbide, copper wire, manganese, vegetable oil. Partners: India 83.8%
  8. Imports: $1.28 billion. Commodities: Fuel and lubricants, passenger cars, machinery and parts, fabrics, rice. Partners: South Korea 6%.
  9. Debt: $1.275 billion

Communication and Transportation

  1. Number of Cellphones: 560,000
  2. Number of Internet Users: 50,000
  3. Number of Airports: 2 (Paved: 2)
  4. Roadways: 8,050 km

Military

  1. Army: Benin Armed Forces: Royal Bhutan Army
  2. Expenditure: N/A%

Major Transnational Issues

  1. Povery

Other Facts

  1. “Lacking any treaty describing the boundary, Bhutan and China continue negotiations to establish a common boundary alignment to resolve territorial disputes arising from substantial cartographic discrepancies, the largest of which lie in Bhutan’s northwest and along the Chumbi salient.”

This page was last updated on: May 28th, 2014

Source: “Bhutan” Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 28 May 2014.

Country Profile: Benin

Geography

  1. Location: Western Africa
  2. Bordering Nations: Nigeria, Togo, Burkina Faso, Niger
  3. Climate and Terrain: Tropical. Mostly flat plain.
  4. Natural Resources: Small offshore oil deposits, limestone, marble, timber

Society

  1. Nationality and Major Ethnic Group: Beninese. Fon
  2. Official Languages and Major Religions: French. Catholic
  3. Population: 10 million
  4. Life Expectancy: 61.07 years
  5. Literacy Rate: 42.4%

Government

  1. Official Country Name: Republic of Benin
  2. Government Type: Republic
  3. Capital: Porto-Novo
  4. Independence: August 1st, 1960
  5. President (2014): Thomas Yayi Boni
  6. National Anthem: Beninese National Anthem

Economy

  1. GDP: $8.359 billion
  2. GDP per capita: $1,600
  3. Agriculture and Industry: Cotton, corn, cassava, yams, beans, palm oil, peanuts, cashews; livestock. Textiles, food processing, construction materials, cement.
  4. Labor Force: 3.662 million
  5. Population Below the Poverty Line: 37.4%
  6. Inflation Rate: 2.4%
  7. Exports: $1.108 billion. Commodities: Cotton, cashews, shea butter, textiles, palm products, seafood. Partners: China 25%, India 23.5%, Lebanon 18.7%, Niger 4.3%, Nigeria 4%
  8. Imports: $1.835 billion. Commodities: Food, capital goods, petroleum products. Partners: China 37.2%, US 8.9%, India 6.7%, France 5.6%, Malaysia 5.3%.
  9. Debt: $1.236 billion

Communication and Transportation

  1. Number of Cellphones: 8.408 million
  2. Number of Internet Users: 200,100
  3. Number of Airports: 6 (Paved: 1)
  4. Roadways: 16,000 km

Military

  1. Army: Benin Armed Forces: Army, Benin Navy, Benin Air Force
  2. Expenditure: 1.03%

Major Transnational Issues

  1. Illicit Drugs

Other Facts

  1. Benin’s HDI is 0.36, ranked 166th in the world.

This page was last updated on: May 27th, 2014 

Source: “Benin” Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 27 May 2014.

Country Profile: Belize

  

Geography

  1. Location: Central America
  2. Bordering Nations: Guatemala, Mexico
  3. Climate and Terrain: Tropical. Flat, swampy coastal.
  4. Natural Resources: Arable land potential, timber, fish, hydropower

Society

  1. Nationality and Major Ethnic Group: Belizean. Mestizo.
  2. Official Languages and Major Religions: English (though the most spoken language is Spanish). Roman Catholic
  3. Population: 340,000
  4. Life Expectancy: 68.49 years
  5. Literacy Rate: 76.9%

Government

  1. Official Country Name: Belize
  2. Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy 
  3. Capital: Belmopan
  4. Independence: September 21, 1981, from the United Kingdom
  5. President (2014): Prime Minister Dean Oliver Barrow
  6. National Anthem: Belizean National Anthem

Economy

  1. GDP: $1.637 billion
  2. GDP per capita: $8,800
  3. Agriculture and Industry: Bananas, cacao, citrus, sugar; fish, cultured shrimp; lumber. Garment production, food processing, tourism, construction, oil.
  4. Labor Force: 120,500
  5. Population Below the Poverty Line: 41%
  6. Inflation Rate: 1.3%
  7. Exports: $633 million. Commodities: Sugar, bananas, citrus, clothing, fish products, molasses, wood, crude oil. Partners: US 31.8%, UK 21.9%, Nigeria 4.8%, Japan 4.1%, Netherlands 4.1%
  8. Imports: $864 million. Commodities: machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods; fuels, chemicals, pharmaceuticals; food, beverages, tobacco. Partners: US 23.6%, Germany 15%, Mexico 11.5%, Cuba 8.4%, Guatemala 4.8%, China 4.7%, Singapore 4%.
  9. Debt: $1.048 billion

Communication and Transportation

  1. Number of Cellphones: 164,200
  2. Number of Internet Users: 36,000
  3. Number of Airports: 47 (Paved: 6)
  4. Roadways: 2,870 km

Military

  1. Army: Belize Defense Force: Army, BDF Air Wing, BDF Volunteer Guard
  2. Expenditure: 1.08%

Major Transnational Issues

  1. Illicit Drugs

Other Facts

  1. Belize is a Commonwealth realm

This page was last updated on: May 26th, 2014 

Source: “Belize, The.” Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 26 May 2014.

Country Profile: Belgium

  

Geography

  1. Location: Western Europe
  2. Bordering Nations: France, Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg
  3. Climate and Terrain: Temperate. Flat coastal plains; mountains and hills inland.
  4. Natural Resources: Construction materials, silica sand, carbonates

Society

  1. Nationality and Major Ethnic Group: Belgian. Fleming
  2. Official Languages and Major Religions: Dutch, French, German. Roman Catholic
  3. Population: 10.4 million
  4. Life Expectancy: 79.92 years
  5. Literacy Rate: 99%

Government

  1. Official Country Name: Kingdom of Belgium
  2. Government Type: Federal Parliamentary Democracy under a Constitutional Monarchy
  3. Capital: Brussels
  4. Independence: October 4th, 1830, from the Netherlands
  5. President (2014): King Philippe and Prime Minister Elio Di Rupo
  6. National Anthem: Belgian National Anthem

Economy

  1. GDP: $507.4 billion
  2. GDP per capita: $37,800
  3. Agriculture and Industry: Sugar beets, fresh vegetables, fruits, grain, tobacco; beef, veal, pork, milk. Engineering and metal products, motor vehicle assembly, transportation equipment, scientific instruments.
  4. Labor Force: 5.15 million
  5. Population Below the Poverty Line: 15.2%
  6. Inflation Rate: 1.3%
  7. Exports: $295.3 billion. Commodities: machinery and equipment, chemicals, finished diamonds, metals and metal products, food. Partners: Germany 18%, France 16.1%, Netherlands 13%, UK 7.3%, US 5.3%, Italy 4.4%
  8. Imports: $310.2 billion. Commodities: Raw materials, machinery and equipment, chemicals, raw diamonds, pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs, transportation equipment, oil products. Partners: Netherlands 20.9%, Germany 14.2%, France 10.6%, US 6.1%, UK 5.5%, Ireland 4.4%
  9. Debt: $1.424 trillion

Communication and Transportation

  1. Number of Cellphones: 4.631 million
  2. Number of Internet Users: 8.113 million
  3. Number of Airports: 41 (Paved: 26)
  4. Roadways: 154,012 km

Military

  1. Army: Belarus Armed Forces: Belgian Armed Forces: Land Operations Command, Naval Operations Command, Air Operations Command
  2. Expenditure: 1.05%

Major Transnational Issues

  1. Illicit Drugs

Other Facts

  1. The EU headquarters and NATO headquarters are in Belgium

This page was last updated on: May 25th, 2014 

Source: “Belgium”, The.” Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 25 May 2014.

Country Profile: Belarus

  

Geography

  1. Location: Eastern Europe
  2. Bordering Nations: Russia, Ukraine, Lithuania, Poland, Latvia
  3. Climate and Terrain: Cold winters. Flat with some marshland
  4. Natural Resources: Timber, peat deposits, small quantities of oil and natural gas, granite, dolomitic limestone, marl, chalk, sand, gravel, clay

Society

  1. Nationality and Major Ethnic Group: Belarusian. Belarusian
  2. Official Languages and Major Religions: Belarusian. Eastern Orthodox
  3. Population: 9.6 million
  4. Life Expectancy: 72.15 years
  5. Literacy Rate: 99.6%

Government

  1. Official Country Name: Republic of Belarus
  2. Government Type: Republic 
  3. Capital: Minsk
  4. Independence: August 25th, 1991, from the Soviet Union
  5. President (2014): Aleksandr Lukashenko
  6. National Anthem: Belarusian National Anthem

Economy

  1. GDP: $69.24 billion
  2. GDP per capita: $16,100
  3. Agriculture and Industry: Grain, potatoes, vegetables, sugar beets, flax; beef, milk. Metal-cutting machine tools, tractors, trucks, earthmovers, motorcycles, televisions, synthetic fibers, fertilizer, textiles, radios, refrigerators.
  4. Labor Force: 5 million
  5. Population Below the Poverty Line: 27.1%
  6. Inflation Rate: 19%
  7. Exports: $42.06 billion. Commodities: Machinery and equipment, mineral products, chemicals, metals, textiles, foodstuffs. Partners: Russia 35.4%, Netherlands 16.4%, Ukraine 12.1%, Latvia 7.1%
  8. Imports: $45.17 billion. Commodities: Mineral products, machinery and equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs, metals. Partners: Russia 59.4%, Germany 5.9%, China 5.1%, Ukraine 5%
  9. Debt: $1.204 billion

Communication and Transportation

  1. Number of Cellphones: 10.675 million
  2. Number of Internet Users: 2.643 million
  3. Number of Airports: 65 (Paved: 33)
  4. Roadways: 86,392 km

Military

  1. Army: Belarus Armed Forces: Land Force, Air and Air Defense Force, Special Operations Force
  2. Expenditure: 1.2%

Major Transnational Issues

  1. Human trafficking
  2. Illicit Drugs

Other Facts

  1. Belarus is considered a dictatorship by the CIA.

This page was last updated on: May 23rd, 2014 

Source: “Belarus”, The.” Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 23 May 2014.

Country Profile: Barbados

  

Geography

  1. Location: Caribbean
  2. Bordering Nations: None
  3. Climate and Terrain: Tropical. Relatively flat.
  4. Natural Resources: Petroleum, fish, natural gas

Society

  1. Nationality and Major Ethnic Group: Barbadian. Black
  2. Official Languages and Major Religions: English. Protestant
  3. Population: 290,000
  4. Life Expectancy: 74.99 years
  5. Literacy Rate: 99.7%

Government

  1. Official Country Name: Barbados
  2. Government Type: Parliamentary democracy
  3. Capital: Bridgetown
  4. Independence: November 30th, 1966, from the United Kingdom
  5. President (2014): Prime Minister Freundel Stuart
  6. National Anthem: Barbadian National Anthem

Economy

  1. GDP: $4.26 billion
  2. GDP per capita: $25,100
  3. Agriculture and Industry: Sugarcane, vegetables, cotton. Tourism, sugar, light manufacturing.
  4. Labor Force: 141,800
  5. Population Below the Poverty Line: N/A%
  6. Inflation Rate: 2.1%
  7. Exports: $1.051 billion. Commodities: Manufactures, sugar and molasses, rum, other foods and beverages, chemicals, electrical components. Partners: Trinidad and Tobago 20.8%, US 11.9%, St. Lucia 9.7%, St. Vincent and the Grenadines 6%, Jamaica 5.6%, Antigua and Barbuda 4.9%, St. Kitts and Nevis 4.6%, UK 4.4%
  8. Imports: $1.674 billion. Commodities: Consumer goods, machinery, foodstuffs, construction materials, chemicals, fuel, electrical components. Partners: Trinidad and Tobago 35.9%, US 26.9%, China 5.6%
  9. Debt: $4.49 billion

Communication and Transportation

  1. Number of Cellphones: 347,000
  2. Number of Internet Users: 188,000
  3. Number of Airports: 1 (Paved: 1)
  4. Roadways: 1,600 km

Military

  1. Army: Royal Barbados Defense Force: Troops Command, Barbados Coast Guard
  2. Expenditure: N/A%

Major Transnational Issues

  1. Human trafficking
  2. Illicit Drugs

Other Facts

  1. Barbados is part of the British Commonwealth

This page was last updated on: May 22nd, 2014 

Source: “Barbados, The.” Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 22 May 2014.